The fort was first garrisoned in December, 1834, although no guns were given for its defense until a year afterward. were part of the same program and could be considered sister forts of Fort Macon. Volume I, pages 247-257. Robert E. Lee, a captain of Army Engineers, visited the fort in December, 1840, making a thorough inspection of it. Senator Nathaniel Macon of North Carolina, who procured the funds to build the fort. Fort Macon was named for Nathaniel Macon, very prominent North Carolina statesman of that period. A good account of the Confederate occupation of Fort Macon, 1861- 62. Take a journey into time as students learn the exciting history of Fort Macon, which will include the construction of the fort, the Civil War battle of Fort Macon, and the eventual creation of North Carolina’s first functioning state park. 8.C.1 - Understand how different cultures influenced North Carolina and the United States. Gen. Simon Bernard and built by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers. Take a journey into time as students learn the exciting history of Fort Macon, which will include the construction of the fort, the Civil War battle of Fort Macon, and the eventual creation of North Carolina’s first functioning state park. Once protecting the small coastal town of Beaufort from assaults by Spanish raids, pirates such as Blackbeard and even the Confederate Army, Fort Macon is now a State Park of North Carolina and has been so since 1924. The battle reports of U.S. Volume I, pages 489- 491; 499-511. COVID-19 information for parks under Modified Stay at Home Order, Maintain a social distance of 6 feet, regardless of the behavior of others, Bring a mask or face covering; they are required to be worn inside buildings and when social distancing cannot be implemented, Share the trail — warn other trail users of your presence, step to the side or wait at the end of a bridge, Do not enter restrooms until others have cleared out and please be patient when staff is cleaning them, Wash or sanitize your hands before, during, and after your visit, Do not share equipment like phones or cameras with other visitors, If the park seems crowded when you arrive, come back another time, Stay at home if you are exhibiting symptoms. Because there was a seepage problem with salt water, the water was never used for drinking. This fort guarded the inlet during the subsequent War of 1812, but was abandoned after the end of the war. These were the most guns the fort ever had. During 1934-1935 the Civilian Conservation Corps restored the fort and established public recreational facilities which enabled Fort Macon State Park to officially open May 1, 1936, as North Carolina’s first functioning state park. Paul R. Branch Jr. has served as a park ranger and historian at Fort Macon State Park for more than 30 years. There was such exetensive damage that Col. White was forced to surrender the following morning, April 26. Four vessels of the Federal blockading fleet joined in from the ocean, but the fort’s guns quickly drove them off. 4.H.2.SS - Understand how notable structures, symbols and place names are significant to North Carolina. Battle damage was repaired and the Federals made certain they installed mortars for defense, so they would not repeat the mistake of the Confederates. There were 40 men living in each room. Work started in 1826 and lasted 8 years to 1834. Richard A. Sauers, A Succession of Honorable Victories, The Burnside Expedition in North Carolina, (Dayton: Morningside House, Inc., 1996), Pages 308-340. 9:00am to 5:00pm Visitor centers and park offices are open, and masks or face coverings are required to enter. General Simon Bernard was its architect. One Federal killed, three wounded. Brig. (950–1100 AD) based on the practice of agriculture. (North Carolina was one of three states requiring this arrangement.). Federal fire was missing the fort for most of the morning due to obscuring battle smoke. Fort Macon has a rich history as a Civil War site, but its story also features an ambitious doctor named Elliott Coues, whose interest in the natural surroundings helped focus attention on environmental science in and A history of the fort. It is our mission to support Fort Macon State Park’s restoration and preservation as well as maintain and develop educational exhibits. Burnside allowed the garrison members to return home on parole until exchanged. "Lifesavers of the Crystal Coast" DESCRIPTION Station Fort Macon's primary goals are to serve the Crystal Coast's boating public, while performing the United States Coast Guard's 11 primary missions. Located on Bogue Banks near Atlantic Beach, the park opened in 1936. North Carolina leaders recognized the need for coastal defenses to prevent future attacks and began efforts to construct forts. Fort Macon: Not boring history - See 523 traveler reviews, 231 candid photos, and great deals for Atlantic Beach, NC, at Tripadvisor. Active garrisons occupied Fort Macon in 1834-36, 1842-44, and 1848-49. Gutters in the walls caught rain water filtering through the sand from above and piped it to the four large cisterns located in the corners below the parade ground (they could hold 22,000 gallons). The Union army held Fort Macon for the remainder of the war, while Beaufort Harbor served as an important coaling and repair station for the Union navy. Fort Macon in Carteret County, North Carolina was one of a series of forts originally built to protect the state’s main deep ocean port, known as the Beaufort Inlet. The most prisoners confined here at one time was 120, and the west wing was used mainly for their quarters. Construction of the present fort … On April 25, 1862, Parke’s Union forces bombarded the fort with heavy siege guns for 11 hours, aided by the fire of four Union navy gunboats in the ocean offshore and by floating batteries in the sound to the east. The turning point of the battle came when a Federal signal officer in Beaufort noticed this fact and signalled range correction to the batteries. The Friends of Fort Macon is an all-volunteer, tax exempt organization. Volume IX, pages 270-294. On April 25, 1862, the Federal batteries opened fire on the fort. 4.C.1.SS - Understand the impact of various cultural groups on North Carolina. 7.G.1 - Understand how geography, demographic trends, and environmental conditions shape modern societies and regions. Fort Macon is a Third System fort designed by Brigadier General Simon Bernard and built by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers between 1826 and 1834. The fort was completed in December, 1834, and was improved with further modifications during 1841-46. fort, Fort Macon, was a part of this chain. Welcome to the Official U.S. Coast Guard Station Fort Macon Facebook page. XXVII (April, 1950), pages 163-77. During the period 1841-46 engineers made structural improvements to the fort's defenses. White and 400 North Carolina Confederates in the fort refused to surrender even though the fort was hopelessly surrounded. North Carolina Confederate forces occupied the fort for a year, preparing it for battle and arming it with 54 heavy cannons. Fort Macon, located on the eastern tip of the Bogue Banks along North Carolina's central coast, is an early-19th Century fort which has been restored as the centerpiece of one of the state's busiest State Parks. For the 12 years after the war, Federal soldiers continued to occupy the fort. Bathroom facilities were outside the fort. Volume I, pages 652-54. Shore erosion and a hurricane in 1825 were responsible for sweeping Fort Hampton into Beaufort Inlet by 1825. A concise general history of Fort Macon. Gen. Simon Bernard and built by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers. When war began in December, 194l the fort was once again occupied by troops.The first battalion of the 244th Coastal Artillery was stationed here and later replaced by battalions from the 2nd, 54th and 246th Coast Artillery Regiments. The fort’s Confederate garrison was then paroled as prisoners of war. Fort Macon State Park's Eliot Coues' Trail lets you hike through many diverse habitats, including the rarely-found maritime forest. It's a great dayhike for adults and families year-round. Fort Dobbs was never finished, and the inlet remained undefended during the American Revolution. Weather appropriate clothing. However, at the bidding of North Carolina leaders, a Congressional Act on June 4, 1924, gave the fort and surrounding reservation to the state of North Carolina to be used as a public park. The state quickly garrisoned the fort with more companies, making in all about 900 men. There is plenty of history to learn about and sights to see while you visit with us here at Fort Macon State Park. History Macon was founded on the site of the Ocmulgee Old Fields, where the Creek Indians lived in the 18th century. The Confederates worked feverishly to prepare the fort for battle over the next few months. There are no equipment rentals and concessions available. Swim beaches and areas are closed. Col. Moses J. The water was tidal. Burnside wanted to have Beaufort Harbor in his possession for the use of his own supply ships, as well as the ships of the Federal Navy. Naval vessels involved in the Siege of Fort Macon. Fort Macon State Park is the second most visited state park in North Carolina, with an annual visitation of 1.3 million, despite being the third smallest park in North Carolina with 389 acres (1.57 km 2). On the beach were four 155 mm seacoast guns, later replaced by 2 6-inch navy guns, mounted on concrete platforms. 5.G.1 - Understand how human activity has and continues to shape the United States. Fort Macon State Park. SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of Company C, First Artillery, during the siege and reduction of Fort Macon: As you are aware, I was ordered to leave my light battery at New Berne and report to you with three Parrot 30-pounder guns as part of the siege train for the reduction of Fort Macon, and that they did their work well the sequel has proved. From this time until 1861, it was intermittently occupied by troops, engineer detachments making repairs and improvements, or ordnance sergeants acting as caretakers. It was used in this period as a Federal prison since there were no such prison facilities in either North or South Carolina during the Reconstruction. Defense against the Spanish (when we were still an English colony); defense against the English (American Revolution and War of 1812); and defense against pirates who operated in North Carolina sounds. All students are encouraged to wear closed-toe shoes for walking. Construction began in 1826 and lasted for eight years. 8.G.1 - Understand the geographic factors that influenced North Carolina and the United States. Fort Macon was a part of this system. For about 11 years during this era, since there were no state or federal penitentiaries in the military district of North and South Carolina, Fort Macon was used as a civil and military prison, until 1876. 2303 East Fort Macon Rd A portion of one of his brigades, commanded by Brig. Just before the Federal attack (March, 1862), the garrison was reduced to five artillery companies, all of which were from North Carolina, and two of which were from Carteret County. Cost of construction was $463,790. This project was initially engineered by Robert E. Lee, who later became a general of the Confederate States Army. Finally, the garrison was reduced and the living conditions improved. After World War II, the fort again became a state park. At that time the Civilian Conservation Corps, one of the government work programs spawned by the Great Depression, began to work on the fort to counteract the years of neglect and make it presentable to the public. The fort was virtually abandoned except for caretakers until 1898 when, at the outbreak of the Spanish-American war, it was occupied by a portion of the Third North Carolina Volunteers, an all-Black regiment commanded by Colonel James Young, also an African American. Fort Macon State Park is the most visited park in the state, with over one million visitors passing through here each year. 649 were here. For specific details about each park, please visit the park website page. Fort Macon was designed by Brig. The fort “sink” was located at the head of the marsh for the big business. The ceilings are arched to give added strength and dissipate concussion from shells exploding on terrepleins or from guns firing in battle. Fort Macon and the surrounding property was the second area acquired by the state for the purpose of establishing a state parks system. Major General Ambrose Burnside led Federal forces through the northeastern sound region of the state in February, 1862, and finally entered the Neuse River to capture New Bern on March 14. The fort was garrisoned in 1834 and named after U.S. The purple-gray stone used for stairways and coping on walls is Connecticut Freestone. White, of Mississippi. The fort had been hit 560 times by artillery fire. Total cost of the fort was $463,790. It was named after North Carolina’s eminent statesman of the period, Nathaniel Macon. The lack of funds and the usual bureaucracy kept any work from being done until about 1934. Chief Engineers who were responsible for constructing the fort were Lieutenant William Eliason, Captain John L. Smith and Lieutenant George Dutton, U.S. Army Engineers. For campgrounds with 24-hour access, please observe the Night-Time Public Closure Period guidelines and do not leave the campground between 10 p.m. and 5 a.m. Fort Dobbs was begun in 1756 during French and Indian War, but the war ended and the fort was never completed. In 1809, the Government built Fort Hampton, a circular brick masonry structure about 300 yards northeast of site of Fort Macon. Al White: The Story of a Marine Grunt in the First Battle of Khe Sanh (April 1967) - Duration: 1:19:39. It was sometimes filled with water which came up from the sound though a canal and passed under the outer wall by means of a culvert. (ISBN 1.877853-45-3). Siege of Fort Macon, 29 March-26 April 1862, The final major success during General Burnsides expedition to the North Carolina coast in early 1862 The final major success during General Burnside’s expedition to the North Carolina coast in early 1862. expedition to the North Carolina coast in early 1862. American Prairie Filmworks Recommended for you Construction began in 1826 and lasted for eight years. Fort Macon State Park. John G. Barrett, The Civil War in North Carolina (Chapel Hill: University of N.C. Press, 1963), pages 10-11, 113-120. Beaufort was captured and pillaged by the Spanish (1747), and captured by the English (1782), (see article: Blackbeard’s visit to Beaufort Inlet). Their predecessors, the Mississippian culture, built a powerful chiefdom (950–1100 AD) based on the practice of agriculture. The fort was occupied from December, 1941, to November, 1944. The fort had three magazines to store powder and ammunition, one located behind each of the three stairways. Fort Macon's largest public parking area, the Boathouse, is located close to the entrance, but history buffs will want to drive on until they reach the official entrance to the Fort Macon Historic Site. The forts were built between 1817 and 1865. There are 26 casemates in fort (including sally port). The prisoners were mostly Government prisoners with an occasional civil prisoner (such as a murderer or rapist) thrown in. Gen. Simon Bernard and built by the US Army Corps of Engineers. It was named after North Carolina’s eminent statesman of the period, Nathaniel Macon. After 1903 the fort was abandoned for years. Fort Macon Looking over the fort's moat at the sally port. These men were both Northerners, so the local newspapers thought it humorous that two more “Yankees” had been gotten by a Confederate cannon ball some 80 years after the battle. Raleigh, NC 27699-1615, Contact the Park Office at least three weeks in advance. The fort was not even used during World War I and in 1923 it was offered for sale as surplus military property. The fort was seized April 14, 1861, by a company of local troops acting without state orders. Lee noted in 1840 the site of the fort was denoted by a line of breakers offshore. Two American soldiers were injured in Casemate 2 when a cannon shot they had placed in the fireplace as an andiron exploded from the heat of the fire. One side guards mouth of inlet, two guard channel and back sounds, one looks over harbor, and one covers beach approaches. The perceived threat was from countries such as Spain and Britain, who had both invaded the port in the eighteenth century. Since that time, the fort has been restored by the State. Construction of the fort that now stands began in 1826. Some 9.2 million bricks were used. Parke easily captured Morehead City and Beaufort on March 23 and 26, respectively, and then transferred his troops, supplies, and artillery over to Bogue Banks. U.S. War Department, War of Rebellion, A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, 70 Volumes in 128 Parts (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1880-1901). Thank you for following these guidelines and helping us keep you, your fellow visitors and our staff safe as we open facilities at our parks. Early in the 1800s, continued strained relations with Great Britian caused the United States government to build a national defense chain of forts for protection. By Craig Swain, May 2, 2010 3. The War Between the States began on April 12, 1861, and only two days elapsed before local North Carolina militia forces from Beaufort arrived to seize the fort for the state of North Carolina and the Confederacy. Radio and communications rooms, map-plotting rooms, and so forth were housed in the fort. Defend the Harbor against hostile warships and sea attack. The Battle of Fort Macon was fought there during March and April 1862. "Remove not the ancient landmark, which thy fathers have set" - Proverbs Fort has outer line of defense (covertway) and an inner citadel. As a part of this defense, a small masonry fort named Fort Hampton, after a North Carolina Revolutionary War hero, was built to guard Beaufort Inlet during 1808-09. Reconstruction was ending and Government troops were being removed from the South. Fort Macon Marker By Craig Swain, May 2, 2010 4. Fort Hawkins, birthplace of Macon, GA. Archaeology, Car shows,We are extremely proud of the new Macon - Bibb County Seal and we would like to thank Mayor Robert A.B. The fort was built in 1826 and garrisoned in 1834. Hospital, stables, storage buildings and quarters for some of the officers and married personnel were also located in buildings outside the fort. The eastern point of Bogue Banks was determined to be the best location from which a fort might guard the entrance to Beaufort Inlet. Camping reservations must be done online. Volume VII, pages 277-83. After noon, every shot fired at the fort struck it or exploded over it. Standing tall for over 200 years, Fort Macon is a tenacious symbol for the Crystal Coast running along the Atlantic Ocean to the East of North Carolina. It was named in honor of Nathaniel Macon (1758-1837), a U.S. congressman, senator, and leading Republican statesman of North Carolina. Wells outside the fort provided drinking water. This in turn was emptied by a pipe into the ditch under the bridge. During the Reconstruction Era, the U.S.Army actively occupied Fort Macon until 1877. The fort had no mortars of its own and was unable to do much damage to the Federals in return. Separating the two is the “Ditch,” the bottom of which is near mean low tide level. Fort Macon: History - See 523 traveler reviews, 231 candid photos, and great deals for Atlantic Beach, NC, at Tripadvisor. Available at Fort Macon Bookstore and at bookstores in Morehead City/Beaufort Area, Paul Branch, Fort Macon, A History (Charleston, SC: Nautical and Aviation Publishing Company of America, 1999) The definitive history of the Fort. Troops were quartered in the fort and in barracks outside. From its completion in 1834 until the start of the U.S. Civil War in 1861 it was garrisoned for less than six years and in … *, View the contact sheet for the email address and phone number of each park », (General information – please do not call this number for camping or park-specific questions), Office Hours Twenty-six vaulted rooms (also called casements) are enclosed by outer walls that are 4.5 feet (1.4 m) thick. History of Fort Macon and coastal defense In modern times, the danger of naval attack along the North Carolina coast seems remote, but during the 18th and 19th centuries, the region around Beaufort was highly vulnerable to attack. For more information on This battle was the second time in history that rifled cannons had been used against a fort and demonstrated the obsolescence of fortifications such as Fort Macon as a way of defense. Fort Macon guarded Beaufort Inlet and Beaufort Harbor, North Carolina’s only major deep-water ocean port. A total of 54 guns were mounted for its defense (consisting of 10- and 8-inch Columbiads, also rifled and smoothbore 32- and 24-pounders). Federal forces took possession of the fort on the following day. The ditch was defended by four “Counterfire” rooms in the covertway which swept all avenues with rifle fire and small cannon firing anti-personnel ammunition. At the start of the Civil War, North Carolina seized Fort Macon. The fort was completed in December, 1834, and it was improved with further modification during 1841-46. CCSS.Literacy.RI.4.7 - Interpret information presented visually, orally, or quantitatively. 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